RC08 - Legislative Specialists

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E) Recent Publications




 

Publications of our Members (most recent to earliest)

Edinger_Jahr_2015.gifEdinger, Michael/Jahr, Stefan (2015), Political Careers in Europe Career Patterns in Multi-Level Systems, Nomos.

European integration not only has changed the career opportunities for politicians, it has also expanded them. This volume is dedicated to the study of political career patterns. It focusses on parliamentary careers in select European countries, but the U.S. is also included as a long-standing system with multi-level politics. The contributions represent a systematic investigation into levelhopping practices in Europe. While discussing the logic of moves across political levels, special attention is given to the impact of institutional reforms. The results indicate that the traditional model of career mobility, with the national level as the apex of a career, is still of importance in most countries however, a clear trend towards multi-directional political careers is found. (See Table of Contents, here.)

Parliamentary Elites in Central and Eastern EuropeSemenova, Elena/Edinger, Michael/Best, Heinrich (2013), Parliamentary Elites in Central and Eastern Europe: Recruitment and Representation, Routledge.

Legislators are entrusted with key parliamentary functions and are important figures in the decision-making process. Their behaviour as political elites is as much responsible for the failures and successes of the new democracies as their institutional designs and constitutional reforms.

This book provides a comparative examination of representative elites and their role in democratic development in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that as the drivers of the transformation process in CEE, individual and collective parliamentary actors matter. The authors provide an in-depth analysis of representatives from eleven national parliaments and explore country-specific features of recruitment and representation. They draw on an integrated dataset of parliamentary elites for individual, party family, and parliamentary variables over the 20 years following the collapse of Communism and develop a common framework for the analysis of variations in democratisation and political professionalisation between parliaments and political parties/party families across CEE.

This unique volume will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, elite research, post-communist politics, democratisation, legislative studies, and parliamentary representation.

book_practicesofinterparlia.jpg Crum, Ben/Fossum, John Erik (2013), Practices of Inter-Parliamentary Coordination in International Politics: The European Union and Beyond, ECPR Press.

Parliaments risk becoming the main losers of internationalisation; a process that privileges executives and experts. Still, parliamentarians have developed a range of responses to catch up with international decision-making: they coordinate their actions with other parliamentarians; engage in international parliamentary forums; and some even opt to pursue political careers at the supranational level, such as in the European Parliament.

This volume provides a thorough empirical examination of how an internationalising context drives parliamentarians to engage in inter-parliamentary coordination; how it affects their power positions vis-à-vis executive actors; among themselves; and in society in general.

Furthermore, building upon these empirical insights, the book assesses whether parliamentary democracy can remain sustainable under these changing conditions. Indeed, if parliaments are, and remain, central to our understanding of modern democracy, it is of crucial importance to track their responses to internationalisation, the fragmentation of political sovereignty, and the proliferation of multilevel politics.

book_internationaltradenega.jpgLanghelle, Oluf (2013), International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics: The Intermestic Politics of Trade Liberalization, Routledge.

In spite of many years of negotiation on trade liberalization, progress seems to have stalled. This book explores why resistance to further market liberalization seems so strong, given that the benefits are seen to outweigh the costs.

This volume argues that in order to understand the slow progress of World Trade Organization negotiations, we need to take into consideration the ‘intermestic’ character of trade politics, that is, the way in which international and domestic aspects of politics and policies have been woven together and become inextricably related to each other. This is a general trend in our globalizing world, and one that is most pronounced in the case of trade politics and policy.

International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics therefore presents an in-depth analysis of institutions, ideas, interests and actors in the interplay between international trade negotiations and national negotiating positions. At the international level the authors focus on the multilateral negotiations within the World Trade Organization, together with the plurilateral and bilateral negotiations on free trade agreements. At the regional and domestic level they analyze the trade politics and policies of two established powers, the European Union and the USA; two rising powers, China and India; and a small industrialized country with an open economy, Norway.

book_ParlundihreEvolution.jpgPatzelt, Werner J. (Ed.)(2012): Parlamente und ihre Evolution: Forschungskontext und Fallstudien (Parliaments and their Evolution: Research Context and Case Studies). Nomos.

How to parliaments develop, and how might we explain these patterns? This volume opens up new possibilities of historical analysis of institutions to parliamentary studies, it presents a textbook for all interested scholars of 'evolutionary institutionalism', and - more generally - it adds to the evolutionary literature case studies of an evolutionary theory which is free from any biological determinism.

War on TerrorOwens, John E./Pelizzo, Riccardo (2012): The "War on Terror" and the Growth of Executive Power? - A Comparative Analysis. New York and London: Routledge

The 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington prompted a "global war on terror" that led to a significant shift in the balance of executive-legislative power in the United States towards the executive at the expense of the Congress. The contributors to this volume ask whether this pattern was repeated across a range of democracies that were also threatened by terrorist attacks after 9/11. In this volume, seasoned scholars examine the extent to which terrorist threats and counter-terrorism policies led uniformly to the growth of executive or Government power at the expense of legislatures and parliaments in other political systems, including those of Australia, Britain, Canada, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, and Russia. The research reported questions whether the “crises” created by 9/11 and subsequent attacks and foiled attacks elsewhere, led inexorably to executive strengthening at the expense of legislatures and parliaments. The research reported finds that democratic forces served to mitigate changes to the balance of legislative and executive power to varying degrees in different political systems. This book will interest those studying or researching Comparative Government and Politics and International Politics.

The Houses of the OireachtasMacCarthaigh, Muiris/Manning, Maurice (Ed.)(2010): The Houses of the Oireachtas: Parliament in Ireland. Dublin: IPA.

The Irish parliament – the Oireachtas – is nearing the centenary year of its foundation, making it one of the oldest continuously surviving parliaments in the world. As a Westminster-style legislature, it has not traditionally been one that has received much scholarly treatment or analysis. This comprehensive new volume fills this void by considering all aspects of the Houses of the Oireachtas – including their evolution, composition, organization, financing, administration and reform. Contributors include academics, administrators and sitting and former parliamentarians. Contemporary challenges brought about by transformations in media style, increased inter-parliamentarism and the changing character of politics are also addressed. The book questions a number of assumptions about parliament and its work, including the efficacy of the legislative and budgetary processes, the nature of executive–legislative relations and the perceived encroachment of the courts on the legislature. Combined, this wide-ranging and detailed study will provide essential reading not alone for those interested in Irish politics and government, but also for students and scholars of legislative studies. More details can be found here.

Book Parliaments and their time Patzelt, Werner J./Dreischer, Stephan (Ed.)(2009): Parlamente und ihre Zeit: Zeitstrukturen als Machtpotentiale (Parliaments and their Time: Time Structures as Power Ressources), Baden-Baden: Nomos.

This book explores time structures within parliaments. How manage parliaments their time ressources? Who decides how parliaments use their time? How does this effect the power of a parliament? How does this change, what are the causes and consequences? The book gives answers to this questions by outlining a theoretical framework in the opening chapter. This framwork is used in the following empirical case studies that deal with the House of Representatives of New Zealand, the German Bundestag, the last, freely elected Volkskammer of the former GDR, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. A summarizing chapter at the end of the book shows the results and puts them into the context of parliamentary analysis. The book is useful not only for parliamentary research und practice, but also for social scientists interested in the analysis of institutions.

The book is available in German only. See here for a German presentation of the book.

Book Rivals of PowerThurber, James R. (2009): Rivals for Power: Presidential-Congressional Relations, 4. ed., Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.

Rivals for Power is a lively and up to date description of the power struggle between the president and Congress. In it, leading congressional and presidential scholars and knowledgeable former public officials consider the historical, political, and constitutional foundations of conflict between the two branches. The authors give practical advice about how to build cooperative policymaking between the president and Congress as they struggle over major crises in solving economic problems and addressing domestic issues and the challenges in defense and foreign policy making. The book features original academic research and practitioner knowledge from the White House and the Hill.

See here for more detailed information on the book.

Book Legislative Oversight IsraelFriedberg, Chen/Hazan, Reuven Y. (2009): Legislative Oversight of the Executive Branch in Israel: Current Status and Proposed Reforms, Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute.

Among the most important tasks entrusted to the legislature in a democracy is overseeing the executive branch. The goal of this study, beyond an introductory chapter that delineates the topic of legislative oversight in parliamentary systems both conceptually and theoretically, is to present Israel's current situation in this area - its shortcomings, limitations, and obstacles - and to outline a more expedient reality in the form of a structured, coherent, and comprehensive reform program. To date, no proposal has been formulated for sweeping, in-depth reform in the area of parliamentary oversight of the government in Israel. The reform proposed here, which addresses the changes that are required to improve such oversight, is unique in that it deals, first and foremost, with the need to change the structural foundation and parliamentary culture of the Israeli legislature. Only then does it turn its attention to the more formal phase of legislative amendments and procedural reforms, which completes, but cannot substitute, the process of structural and cultural change.

The book is available in Hebrew only. A detailed abstract of the book can be found here in English.

book_americaswaronterrorism.jpg Owens, John E./Dumbrell, John (Ed.)(2008): America's War on Terrorism: New Dimensions in US Government and National Security. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

How has 9/11 and George W. Bush's self-declared "war" on terror changed American government and US foreign policy? This is the central question addressed in the nine original essays in this book. Following an introduction by the editors, in which they survey issues and debates raised by America's "War" on Terrorism and its consequences for US government and politics, foreign policy, and for American foreign relations, the contributions to this volume-from British and American scholars-explain the implications of the post-9/11 mobilization and reconfiguration of US foreign and internal security policies. Issues addressed in the book include: the growth of presidential power, executive branch reconfiguration and the managerial presidency, the Bush doctrine of pre-emption, the changing role of the US in the international order, the impact of the "war" on terrorism on the US military, intelligence failure and the changed role of US intelligence, renewed tension in US-European relations, and Bush's alliance with Tony Blair's government in the United Kingdom. Taken together, the essays represent an original and timely assessment of the domestic and international repercussions of George W. Bush's responses to the terrorist attacks September 11, 2001.

Published on Wednesday, December 2 2009 by Erik Fritzsche, M.A.